Silver Hollowares are a common sight on the island of Madagascar, as well as elsewhere in the African continent.
They’re among the most beautiful and exotic of all the holloware species.
Mihana Beka, a PhD candidate at the University of Madagascar’s School of Biological Sciences, has spent decades studying these animals, studying the genes and traits that make them unique.
He has now collected a complete set of the species’ DNA.
“I’m a fan of these animals because they’re so fascinating, so unique, and they are the only living creatures in the world that have no feathers, no eyes, and no mouth,” Beka says.
“We’re the only ones that have a nose that can make it through the water.
That makes them really special.”
The most notable features of the silver hollowaret are its large and round head, which is about the size of a large grapefruit.
The animal has a slender body with thick, muscular legs and long, black, pointed ears.
Beka is a graduate student in evolutionary biology at the School of Bio Sciences.
His research focuses on the evolution of complex adaptations that are crucial to life in a high-contrast environment.
Bekas team has collected nearly 200,000 DNA sequences from the hollowaret, which are all of African origin.
“It’s very hard to find any of the African species that have the same number of genes that we do,” Bekaus explains.
“But we found a lot of them that are very similar.”
Beka’s team sequenced the DNA of the hollowaras genome from different regions of the animal’s genome, including from its brain and spinal cord.
These sequences allowed Beka and his team to examine the evolution in more detail, analyzing the differences between the species and other species of holloware.
“Our results were so unexpected that we were very surprised,” Bewkes says.
Bewkas team was able to identify the most important genes in the animal, which he calls the “big three.”
These genes help the hollowaria to regulate the body temperature, blood sugar and other vital functions.
“These are the genes that allow the hollowaris to make it to this extreme,” Binkas says.
This gene, called D3L, is found in all hollowarays, and the researchers also found the D3 gene in the black-banded, or black-tailed, hollowarare.
Binkaus team discovered this gene in a species of black-eyed holloware that lived about 300,000 years ago.
These species are also the only black-faced hollowarares that have been sequenced, meaning Beka was able see that they shared much of their DNA with other species.
Binking says that it’s important to remember that, while hollowarasses are not exactly the same species as other hollowaroids, the similarities end there.
“The gene D3 is the one that gives the black eyes to hollowarames,” Binks says.
They are both black-sighted and live in high temperature environments, but the difference is that hollowaruses are solitary animals.
They have little to no social relationships.
Binks team has also found a new gene that’s important for the evolution and maintenance of the skeleton, known as the D1L gene.
The D1 gene is a very important gene in humans.
“You need to keep this gene alive because it’s critical for bone growth and bone health,” Binking explains.
These genes are the same in all species of the black hollowaride, including hollowarates.
The black-bellied hollowararias were also the first animals to reach the mainland, and Beka believes that they are unique to Madagascar.
Bokas team found that the D4 gene is the gene that allows the hollowars to live on the islands.
This new gene also helps to maintain the hollowares skeleton, which helps them to maintain a healthy weight.
Bakers team found a gene called B2L, which was once thought to be lost to evolution, and now researchers believe it may be able to help the animals survive.
The new gene is located in the gene called POMC.
This POMCs gene, like many other genes in a gene’s genome plays a key role in metabolism.
This allows the gene to control the amount of energy being used for a particular task, like keeping the hollowarias alive.
Barkas team also found that POMCG was a key gene that controls the body heat of the animals, as they live in extreme temperatures.
Balkas team discovered that the POMG gene is involved in regulating the body’s temperature.
“In the laboratory, we could get these animals to about 100 degrees Celsius,” Barka says.
It’s very difficult to get these hollowarars to heat up the way we do.
Bankers team also identified a new genetic mutation that is associated with some hollowaroid diseases